The Effects of the System of Least Prompts on Teaching Comprehension Skills During a Shared Story to Students with Significant Intellectual Disabilities
1 online resource (119 pages) : PDF
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
The development of literacy skills is a crucial skill that all students are entitled to develop (Browder, Gibbs, Ahlgrim-Delzell, Courtade, Mraz, Flowers, in press). Currently limited research has been conducted on the acquisition of early literacy skills for students with significant disabilities (Browder, Mims, Spooner, Ahlgrim-Delzell, & Lee, 2008; Browder, Trela, & Jimenez, 2007; Zakas, Browder, & Spooner, 2009) and even more limited on the acquisition of text dependent comprehension (Mims, Browder, Baker, Lee, & Spooner, in press). The current study examined the effects of the system of least prompts to teach multiple types of text dependent listening comprehension question during a shared story to students with significant intellectual disabilities. In addition, maintenance, generalization, and social validity were also examined. A teacher and two paraprofessionals were trained to implement a prompt hierarchy involving three levels (reread, model, physical) during three different shared stories with four different students. Results indicated that all four students increased the number of correctly answered comprehension questions during all three shared stories. In addition, students were able to maintain comprehension after a two week maintenance period. One student was able to generalize the skills used to develop comprehension during a shared story to the third book as well as an additional book. Finally, the interventionists reported high levels of satisfaction with the teaching strategy as well as student outcomes.
LiteracyShared StoriesSignificant Intellectual DisabilitiesSystem of Least PromptsText Dependent Comprehension
Browder, Dr. Diane
Spooner, Dr. FredMraz, Dr. MaryannCurran, Dr. Kent
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2009.
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