Separate and Unequl: Segregation in North Carolina's Asylum System 1856-1905
1 online resource (100 pages) : PDF
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
During its 1874-1875 session, the North Carolina General Assembly founded twonew public asylums to address overcrowding in its only mental health care facility inRaleigh (Dorothea Dix Hospital). The first, in Morganton (Broughton Hospital), wasintended to serve the white citizens of the state in addition to the Raleigh hospital. Thesecond new facility in Goldsboro (Cherry Hospital) was intended to serve all the AfricanAmerican mentally ill of the state. This thesis explores the creation of this asylum systemfrom the opening of the Raleigh facility in 1856 to the deaths of superintendents PatrickMurphy (Morganton), and J. F. Miller (Goldsboro). It examines the contradictions in thefounding and running of the Goldsboro asylum. North Carolina differed from southernstates such as South Carolina by creating a separate facility for African Americans, ashad been pioneered by Virginia and Tennessee. This thesis argues that while the NorthCarolina General Assembly passed the act that founded the asylum, the lack of supportand funding they provided prevented the asylum's ability to offer the same quality of careits white counterparts could provide to theirs. The General Assembly prioritized the allwhiteMorganton and Raleigh asylums over its only African American mental health carefacility from its beginnings because of the race and the triumph of Jim Crow.
Mental healthHistoryAfrican Americans--Study and teaching
Asylum HistoryCherry HospitalGoldsboroMental HealthRaceSegregation
Flint, KarenShapiro, Aaron
Thesis (M.A.)--University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2017.
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