When the Inca Empire expanded across large portions of South America, they implemented various strategies to subdue and control their massively ethnically diverse subjects. One way that the Inca ideology and social order was imposed on the masses was through materialization. Objects like textiles and ceramics were produced in distinct styles with sometimes strict rules about how they were to be used and who could use them. Using pXRF analysis on a sample of ceramic sherds from Ecuador, I explore how the people living in this region altered their ceramic habits upon Inca conquest and what that might imply about their political identity and freedoms under the Inca. PXRF allows for the creation of compositional groups, which in ceramic analysis are groups that share the same clay source. Examining where Inca sherds came from and their relationship to local wares provides the hard data about whether Inca production was occurring in this area, while ethnohistorical and historical research provide the detail and context for final interpretations.