The advent of metamaterials has increased the complexity of possible light-matter interactions, creating gaps in knowledge and violating various commonly used approximations and rendering some common mathematical frameworks incomplete. Our forward scattering experiments on metallic shells and cavities have created a need for a rigorous geometry-based analysis of scattering problems and more rigorous current distribution descriptions in the volume of the scattering object. In order to build an accurate understanding of these interactions, we have revisited the fundamentals of Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic potentials and boundary conditions to build a bottom-up geometry-based analysis of scattering. Individual structures or meta-atoms can be designed to localize the incident electromagnetic radiation in order to create a change in local constitutive parameters and possible nonlinear responses. Hence, in next generation engineered materials, an accurate determination of current distribution on the surface and in the structure’s volume play an important role in describing and designing desired properties. Multipole expansions of the exact current distribution determined using principles of differential geometry provides an elegant way to study these local interactions of meta-atoms. The dynamics of theinteractions can be studied using the behavior of the polarization and magnetization densities generated by localized current densities interacting with the electromagnetic potentials associated with the incident waves. The multipole method combined with propagation of electromagnetic potentials can be used to predict a large variety of linear and nonlinear physical phenomena. This has been demonstrated in experiments that enable the analog detection of sources placed at subwavelength separation by using time reversal of observed signals. Time reversal is accomplished by reversing the direction of the magnetic dipole in bianisotropic metasurfaces while simultaneously providing a method to reduce the losses often observed when light interacts with meta-structures.