This study examined the extent that athletic identity, race, gender, sport and expectation to play professionally predict Career Planning Attitudes (Career Optimism, Career Adaptability and Career Knowledge) among Division I college student-athletes. Participants of this study consisted of 538 Division I student-athletes from four Bowl Championship Series institutions, and these student-athletes were given a demographic questionnaire, Athletic Identity Measurement Scale and Career Futures Inventory. Results of this study found that male Division I student-athletes believed they had a better understanding of the job market and employment trends than their female counterparts. Division I student-athletes with higher athletic identities had lower levels of career optimism. Male Division I student-athletes had more career optimism than female Division I student-athletes. Division I student-athletes who participated in revenue-producing sports had lower levels of career optimism. Student-athletes with a higher expectation to play professional sports were more likely to be optimistic regarding their future career. Female Division I student-athletes had higher levels of athletic identity than their male counterparts. Student-athletes with a higher expectation to play professionally displayed higher athletic identities.